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Linq常用语法(1)

关键词:Linq语法Linq  阅读(1106) 赞(17)

[摘要]本文是对Linq语法详细的讲解,对学习C#编程技术有所帮助,与大家分享。

读这篇文章之前,我先说下,每一种搜索结果集,我都以三种方式变现出来,为啦更好的理解,希望不要嫌我啰嗦。

1.简单的linq语法

            //1
            var ss = from r in db.Am_recProScheme
                     select r;
            //2
            var ss1 = db.Am_recProScheme;
            //3
            string sssql = "select * from Am_recProScheme";

2.带where的查询

            //1
            var ss = from r in db.Am_recProScheme
                     where r.rpId > 10
                     select r;
            //2
            var ss1 = db.Am_recProScheme.Where(p => p.rpId > 10);
            //3
            string sssql = "select * from Am_recProScheme where rpid>10";

3.简单的函数计算(count,min,max,sum)

            //1
            ////获取最大的rpId
            //var ss = (from r in db.Am_recProScheme
            //          select r).Max(p => p.rpId);
            ////获取最小的rpId
            //var ss = (from r in db.Am_recProScheme
            //          select r).Min(p => p.rpId);
            //获取结果集的总数
            //var ss = (from r in db.Am_recProScheme                  
            //         select r).Count();
            //获取rpId的和
            var ss = (from r in db.Am_recProScheme
                      select r).Sum(p => p.rpId);


            //2
            //var ss1 = db.Am_recProScheme.Max(p=>p.rpId);
            //var ss1 = db.Am_recProScheme.Min(p => p.rpId);
            //var ss1 = db.Am_recProScheme.Count() ;
            var ss1 = db.Am_recProScheme.Sum(p => p.rpId);
            Response.Write(ss);

            //3
            string sssql = "select max(rpId) from Am_recProScheme";
                   sssql = "select min(rpId) from Am_recProScheme";
                   sssql = "select count(1) from Am_recProScheme";
                   sssql = "select sum(rpId) from Am_recProScheme";

4.排序order by desc/asc

            var ss = from r in db.Am_recProScheme
                     where r.rpId > 10
                     orderby r.rpId descending  //倒序
                     //  orderby r.rpId ascending   //正序
                     select r;

            //正序
            var ss1 = db.Am_recProScheme.OrderBy(p => p.rpId).Where(p => p.rpId > 10).ToList();
            //倒序
            var ss2 = db.Am_recProScheme.OrderByDescending(p => p.rpId).Where(p => p.rpId > 10).ToList();

            string sssql = "select * from Am_recProScheme where rpid>10 order by rpId [desc|asc]";

5.top(1)

            //如果取最后一个可以按倒叙排列再取值
            var ss = (from r in db.Am_recProScheme                     
                      select r).FirstOrDefault();

            //()linq to ef 好像不支持 Last() 
            var ss1 = db.Am_recProScheme.FirstOrDefault();
            //var ss1 = db.Am_recProScheme.First();          

            string sssql = "select top(1) * from Am_recProScheme";
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