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调整小数的格式保留小数点后两位

关键词:小数格式小数点后两位  阅读(619) 赞(19)

[摘要]调整小数的格式,如保留小数点后两位等等在开发过程中经常会遇到,下面本文搜集了一些不错的实现方法与分享
在开发过程中经常遇到要调整小数的格式,如保留小数点后两位等等。方法也颇为常见,备忘如下。

第一种,利用math.round

var original=28.453
1) //round "original" to two decimals
var result=Math.round(original*100)/100; //returns 28.45
2) // round "original" to 1 decimal
var result=Math.round(original*10)/10; //returns 28.5

第二种,js1.5以上可以利用toFixed(x) ,可指定数字截取小数点后 x位

3) //round "original" to two decimals
var result=original.toFixed(2); //returns 28.45

4) // round "original" to 1 decimal
var result=original.toFixed(1); //returns 28.5

以上两种方法最通用,但却无法满足某些特殊要求,比如保留小数点后两位,如果不满两位,不满两位则补零。此时就有了第三种方法。

第三种,转换函数,这段代码来源于国外一个论坛。
function roundNumber(number,decimals) {
var newString;// The new rounded number
decimals = Number(decimals);
if (decimals < 1) {
newString = (Math.round(number)).toString();
} else {
var numString = number.toString();
if (numString.lastIndexOf(".") == -1) {// If there is no decimal point
numString += ".";// give it one at the end
}
var cutoff = numString.lastIndexOf(".") + decimals;// The point at which to truncate the number
var d1 = Number(numString.substring(cutoff,cutoff+1));// The value of the last decimal place that we'll end up with
var d2 = Number(numString.substring(cutoff+1,cutoff+2));// The next decimal, after the last one we want
if (d2 >= 5) {// Do we need to round up at all? If not, the string will just be truncated
if (d1 == 9 && cutoff > 0) {// If the last digit is 9, find a new cutoff point
while (cutoff > 0 && (d1 == 9 || isNaN(d1))) {
if (d1 != ".") {
cutoff -= 1;
d1 = Number(numString.substring(cutoff,cutoff+1));
} else {
cutoff -= 1;
}
}
}
d1 += 1;
}
if (d1 == 10) {
numString = numString.substring(0, numString.lastIndexOf("."));
var roundedNum = Number(numString) + 1;
newString = roundedNum.toString() + '.';
} else {
newString = numString.substring(0,cutoff) + d1.toString();
}
}
if (newString.lastIndexOf(".") == -1) {// Do this again, to the new string
newString += ".";
}
var decs = (newString.substring(newString.lastIndexOf(".")+1)).length;
for(var i=0;i<decimals-decs;i++) newString += "0";
//var newNumber = Number(newString);// make it a number if you like
document.roundform.roundedfield.value = newString; // Output the result to the form field (change for your purposes)
}

5) //round "original" to two decimals
var result=original.toFixed(2); //returns 28.45

6) // round "original" to 1 decimal
var result=original.toFixed(1); //returns 28.5

var original=28.4
var result=original.toFixed(2); //returns 28.40


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