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JS、jquery实现几分钟前、几小时前、几天前等时间差显示

关键词:JSjquery几分钟前几小时前几天前  阅读(3905) 赞(10)

[摘要]在新浪微博首页看到每条微博后边显示的时间并不是标准的年-月-日格式,而是经过换算的时间差,如:发表于5分钟前、发表于“2小时前”,比起标准的时间显示格式,貌似更加直观和人性化

要实现类似功能,用JS就可以,实现方法如下:

一、javascript函数实现:
实例1:

//JavaScript函数:
var minute = 1000 * 60;
var hour = minute * 60;
var day = hour * 24;
var halfamonth = day * 15;
var month = day * 30;
function getDateDiff(dateTimeStamp){
var now = new Date().getTime();
var diffValue = now - dateTimeStamp;
if(diffValue < 0){
 //若日期不符则弹出窗口告之
 //alert("结束日期不能小于开始日期!");
 }
var monthC =diffValue/month;
var weekC =diffValue/(7*day);
var dayC =diffValue/day;
var hourC =diffValue/hour;
var minC =diffValue/minute;
if(monthC>=1){
 result="发表于" + parseInt(monthC) + "个月前";
 }
 else if(weekC>=1){
 result="发表于" + parseInt(weekC) + "周前";
 }
 else if(dayC>=1){
 result="发表于"+ parseInt(dayC) +"天前";
 }
 else if(hourC>=1){
 result="发表于"+ parseInt(hourC) +"个小时前";
 }
 else if(minC>=1){
 result="发表于"+ parseInt(minC) +"分钟前";
 }else
 result="刚刚发表";
return result;
}

若你得到的时间格式不是时间戳,可以使用下面的JavaScript函数把字符串转换为时间戳, 本函数的功能相当于JS版的strtotime:

//js函数代码:字符串转换为时间戳
function getDateTimeStamp(dateStr){
 return Date.parse(dateStr.replace(/-/gi,"/"));
}

实例2:

<script>      
function jsDateDiff(publishTime){      
    var d_minutes,d_hours,d_days;      
    var timeNow = parseInt(new Date().getTime()/1000);      
    var d;      
    d = timeNow - publishTime;      
    d_days = parseInt(d/86400);      
    d_hours = parseInt(d/3600);      
    d_minutes = parseInt(d/60);      
    if(d_days>0 && d_days<4){      
        return d_days+"天前";      
    }else if(d_days<=0 && d_hours>0){      
        return d_hours+"小时前";      
    }else if(d_hours<=0 && d_minutes>0){      
        return d_minutes+"分钟前";      
    }else{      
        var s = new Date(publishTime*1000);      
        // s.getFullYear()+"年";
        return (s.getMonth()+1)+"月"+s.getDate()+"日";      
    }      
}      
</script>

二、jquery插件实现

HTML代码:

<span class="time timeago" title="<fmt:formatDate value="${comment.createAt}" pattern="yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"/>"></span>

调用代码:

jQuery("span.timeago").timeago();

插件源码:

(function (factory) {
  if (typeof define === 'function' && define.amd) {
    // AMD. Register as an anonymous module.
    define(['jquery'], factory);
  } else {
    // Browser globals
    factory(jQuery);
  }
}(function ($) {
  $.timeago = function(timestamp) {
    if (timestamp instanceof Date) {
      return inWords(timestamp);
    } else if (typeof timestamp === "string") {
      return inWords($.timeago.parse(timestamp));
    } else if (typeof timestamp === "number") {
      return inWords(new Date(timestamp));
    } else {
      return inWords($.timeago.datetime(timestamp));
    }
  };
  var $t = $.timeago;

  $.extend($.timeago, {
    settings: {
      refreshMillis: 60000,
      allowFuture: false,
      localeTitle: false,
      cutoff: 0,
      strings: {
        prefixAgo: null,
        prefixFromNow: null,
        suffixAgo: "前",
        suffixFromNow: "from now",
        seconds: "1分钟",
        minute: "1分钟",
        minutes: "%d分钟",
        hour: "1小时",
        hours: "%d小时",
        day: "1天",
        days: "%d天",
        month: "1月",
        months: "%d月",
        year: "1年",
        years: "%d年",
        wordSeparator: "",
        numbers: []
      }
    },
    inWords: function(distanceMillis) {
      var $l = this.settings.strings;
      var prefix = $l.prefixAgo;
      var suffix = $l.suffixAgo;
      if (this.settings.allowFuture) {
        if (distanceMillis < 0) {
          prefix = $l.prefixFromNow;
          suffix = $l.suffixFromNow;
        }
      }

      var seconds = Math.abs(distanceMillis) / 1000;
      var minutes = seconds / 60;
      var hours = minutes / 60;
      var days = hours / 24;
      var years = days / 365;

      function substitute(stringOrFunction, number) {
        var string = $.isFunction(stringOrFunction) ? stringOrFunction(number, distanceMillis) : stringOrFunction;
        var value = ($l.numbers && $l.numbers[number]) || number;
        return string.replace(/%d/i, value);
      }

      var words = seconds < 45 && substitute($l.seconds, Math.round(seconds)) ||
        seconds < 90 && substitute($l.minute, 1) ||
        minutes < 45 && substitute($l.minutes, Math.round(minutes)) ||
        minutes < 90 && substitute($l.hour, 1) ||
        hours < 24 && substitute($l.hours, Math.round(hours)) ||
        hours < 42 && substitute($l.day, 1) ||
        days < 30 && substitute($l.days, Math.round(days)) ||
        days < 45 && substitute($l.month, 1) ||
        days < 365 && substitute($l.months, Math.round(days / 30)) ||
        years < 1.5 && substitute($l.year, 1) ||
        substitute($l.years, Math.round(years));

      var separator = $l.wordSeparator || "";
      if ($l.wordSeparator === undefined) { separator = " "; }
      return $.trim([prefix, words, suffix].join(separator));
    },
    parse: function(iso8601) {
      var s = $.trim(iso8601);
      s = s.replace(/\.\d+/,""); // remove milliseconds
      s = s.replace(/-/,"/").replace(/-/,"/");
      s = s.replace(/T/," ").replace(/Z/," UTC");
      s = s.replace(/([\+\-]\d\d)\:?(\d\d)/," $1$2"); // -04:00 -> -0400
      return new Date(s);
    },
    datetime: function(elem) {
      var iso8601 = $t.isTime(elem) ? $(elem).attr("datetime") : $(elem).attr("title");
      return $t.parse(iso8601);
    },
    isTime: function(elem) {
      // jQuery's `is()` doesn't play well with HTML5 in IE
      return $(elem).get(0).tagName.toLowerCase() === "time"; // $(elem).is("time");
    }
  });

  // functions that can be called via $(el).timeago('action')
  // init is default when no action is given
  // functions are called with context of a single element
  var functions = {
    init: function(){
      var refresh_el = $.proxy(refresh, this);
      refresh_el();
      var $s = $t.settings;
      if ($s.refreshMillis > 0) {
        setInterval(refresh_el, $s.refreshMillis);
      }
    },
    update: function(time){
      $(this).data('timeago', { datetime: $t.parse(time) });
      refresh.apply(this);
    },
    updateFromDOM: function(){
      $(this).data('timeago', { datetime: $t.parse( $t.isTime(this) ? $(this).attr("datetime") : $(this).attr("title") ) });
      refresh.apply(this);
    }
  };

  $.fn.timeago = function(action, options) {
    var fn = action ? functions[action] : functions.init;
    if(!fn){
      throw new Error("Unknown function name '"+ action +"' for timeago");
    }
    // each over objects here and call the requested function
    this.each(function(){
      fn.call(this, options);
    });
    return this;
  };

  function refresh() {
    var data = prepareData(this);
    var $s = $t.settings;

    if (!isNaN(data.datetime)) {
      if ( $s.cutoff == 0 || distance(data.datetime) < $s.cutoff) {
        $(this).text(inWords(data.datetime));
      }
    }
    return this;
  }

  function prepareData(element) {
    element = $(element);
    if (!element.data("timeago")) {
      element.data("timeago", { datetime: $t.datetime(element) });
      var text = $.trim(element.text());
      if ($t.settings.localeTitle) {
        element.attr("title", element.data('timeago').datetime.toLocaleString());
      } else if (text.length > 0 && !($t.isTime(element) && element.attr("title"))) {
        element.attr("title", text);
      }
    }
    return element.data("timeago");
  }

  function inWords(date) {
    return $t.inWords(distance(date));
  }

  function distance(date) {
    return (new Date().getTime() - date.getTime());
  }

  // fix for IE6 suckage
  document.createElement("abbr");
  document.createElement("time");
}));



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