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C#程序通过模板自动创建Word文档

关键词:模板创建Word  阅读(1203) 赞(19)

[摘要]本文是对C#程序通过模板自动创建Word文档的讲解,对学习C#编程技术有所帮助,与大家分享。

第一步、项目基础——引用的添加

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注意:此处要查找的“Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.dll”版本必须为“11.*.*.*”,“*”代表数字

第二步、代码的编写

按照个人编程习惯,先编写又满足程序功能需求的详细的类,在主程序中通过调用这个类的方法实现功能。(一次编写多次实现)

我把这个类定义为Report,下面是我用到的Report类代码,仅供参考,并没有详尽的备注和错误处理,若是您直接使用我的代码,出现的问题可以恢复本日志或者Q我,空间有我的联系方式:

word类using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word;

namespace TravelAgencyApplication  // 根据自己需要修改命名空间
{
    class Report
    {
        private _Application wordApp = null;
        private _Document wordDoc = null;
        public _Application Application
        {
            get
            {
                return wordApp;
            }
            set
            {
                wordApp = value;
            }
        }
        public _Document Document
        {
            get
            {
                return wordDoc;
            }
            set
            {
                wordDoc = value;
            }
        }

        // 通过模板创建新文档
        public void CreateNewDocument(string filePath)
        {
            try
            {
                killWinWordProcess();
                wordApp = new ApplicationClass();
                wordApp.DisplayAlerts = WdAlertLevel.wdAlertsNone;
                wordApp.Visible = false;
                object missing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
                object templateName = filePath;
                wordDoc = wordApp.Documents.Open(ref templateName, ref missing,
                    ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing,
                    ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing,
                    ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
            }
        }

        // 保存新文件
        public void SaveDocument(string filePath)
        {
            object fileName = filePath;
            object format = WdSaveFormat.wdFormatDocument;//保存格式
            object miss = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            wordDoc.SaveAs(ref fileName, ref format, ref miss,
                ref miss, ref miss, ref miss, ref miss,
                ref miss, ref miss, ref miss, ref miss,
                ref miss, ref miss, ref miss, ref miss,
                ref miss);
            //关闭wordDoc,wordApp对象
            object SaveChanges = WdSaveOptions.wdSaveChanges;
            object OriginalFormat = WdOriginalFormat.wdOriginalDocumentFormat;
            object RouteDocument = false;
            wordDoc.Close(ref SaveChanges, ref OriginalFormat, ref RouteDocument);
            wordApp.Quit(ref SaveChanges, ref OriginalFormat, ref RouteDocument);
        }

        // 在书签处插入值
        public bool InsertValue(string bookmark, string value)
        {
            object bkObj = bookmark;
            if (wordApp.ActiveDocument.Bookmarks.Exists(bookmark))
            {
                wordApp.ActiveDocument.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref bkObj).Select();
                wordApp.Selection.TypeText(value);
                return true;
            }
            return false;
        }

        // 插入表格,bookmark书签
        public Table InsertTable(string bookmark, int rows, int columns, float width)
        {
            object miss = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            object oStart = bookmark;
            Range range = wordDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oStart).Range;//表格插入位置
            Table newTable = wordDoc.Tables.Add(range, rows, columns, ref miss, ref miss);
            //设置表的格式
            newTable.Borders.Enable = 1;  //允许有边框,默认没有边框(为0时报错,1为实线边框,2、3为虚线边框,以后的数字没试过)
            newTable.Borders.OutsideLineWidth = WdLineWidth.wdLineWidth050pt;//边框宽度
            if (width != 0)
            {
                newTable.PreferredWidth = width;//表格宽度
            }
            newTable.AllowPageBreaks = false; 
            return newTable;
        }


        // 合并单元格 表id,开始行号,开始列号,结束行号,结束列号
        public void MergeCell(int n, int row1, int column1, int row2, int column2)
        {
            wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row1, column1).Merge(wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row2, column2));
        }

        // 合并单元格 表名,开始行号,开始列号,结束行号,结束列号
        public void MergeCell(Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Table table, int row1, int column1, int row2, int column2)
        {
            table.Cell(row1, column1).Merge(table.Cell(row2, column2));
        }

        // 设置表格内容对齐方式 Align水平方向,Vertical垂直方向(左对齐,居中对齐,右对齐分别对应Align和Vertical的值为-1,0,1)Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Table table
        public void SetParagraph_Table(int n, int Align, int Vertical)
        {
            switch (Align)
            {
                case -1: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphLeft; break;//左对齐
                case 0: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphCenter; break;//水平居中
                case 1: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphRight; break;//右对齐
            }
            switch (Vertical)
            {
                case -1: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Range.Cells.VerticalAlignment = WdCellVerticalAlignment.wdCellAlignVerticalTop; break;//顶端对齐
                case 0: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Range.Cells.VerticalAlignment = WdCellVerticalAlignment.wdCellAlignVerticalCenter; break;//垂直居中
                case 1: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Range.Cells.VerticalAlignment = WdCellVerticalAlignment.wdCellAlignVerticalBottom; break;//底端对齐
            }
        }

        // 设置单元格内容对齐方式
        public void SetParagraph_Table(int n, int row, int column, int Align, int Vertical)
        {
            switch (Align)
            {
                case -1: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row, column).Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphLeft; break;//左对齐
                case 0: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row, column).Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphCenter; break;//水平居中
                case 1: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row, column).Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphRight; break;//右对齐
            }
            switch (Vertical)
            {
                case -1: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row, column).Range.Cells.VerticalAlignment = WdCellVerticalAlignment.wdCellAlignVerticalTop; break;//顶端对齐
                case 0: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row, column).Range.Cells.VerticalAlignment = WdCellVerticalAlignment.wdCellAlignVerticalCenter; break;//垂直居中
                case 1: wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row, column).Range.Cells.VerticalAlignment = WdCellVerticalAlignment.wdCellAlignVerticalBottom; break;//底端对齐
            }
            
        }


        // 设置表格字体
        public void SetFont_Table(Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Table table, string fontName, double size)
        {
            if (size != 0)
            {
                table.Range.Font.Size = Convert.ToSingle(size);
            }
            if (fontName != "")
            {
                table.Range.Font.Name = fontName;
            }
        }
        
        // 设置单元格字体
        public void SetFont_Table(int n, int row, int column, string fontName, double size,int bold)
        {
            if (size != 0)
            {
                wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row, column).Range.Font.Size = Convert.ToSingle(size);
            }
            if (fontName != "")
            {
                wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row, column).Range.Font.Name = fontName;
            }
                wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row, column).Range.Font.Bold = bold;// 0 表示不是粗体,其他值都是
        }
        
        // 是否使用边框,n表格的序号,use是或否
        // 该处边框参数可以用int代替bool可以让方法更全面
        // 具体值方法中介绍
        public void UseBorder(int n,bool use)
        {
            if (use)
            {
                wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Borders.Enable = 1; 
                //允许有边框,默认没有边框(为0时无边框,1为实线边框,2、3为虚线边框,以后的数字没试过)
            }
            else
            {
                wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Borders.Enable = 0;
            }
        }

        // 给表格插入一行,n表格的序号从1开始记
        public void AddRow(int n)
        {
            object miss = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Rows.Add(ref miss);
        }

        // 给表格添加一行
        public void AddRow(Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Table table)
        {
            object miss = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            table.Rows.Add(ref miss);
        }

        // 给表格插入rows行,n为表格的序号
        public void AddRow(int n, int rows)
        {
            object miss = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Table table = wordDoc.Content.Tables[n];
            for (int i = 0; i < rows; i++)
            {
                table.Rows.Add(ref miss);
            }
        }

        // 删除表格第rows行,n为表格的序号
        public void DeleteRow(int n, int row)
        {
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Table table = wordDoc.Content.Tables[n];
            table.Rows[row].Delete();
        }

        // 给表格中单元格插入元素,table所在表格,row行号,column列号,value插入的元素
        public void InsertCell(Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Table table, int row, int column, string value)
        {
            table.Cell(row, column).Range.Text = value;
        }

        // 给表格中单元格插入元素,n表格的序号从1开始记,row行号,column列号,value插入的元素
        public void InsertCell(int n, int row, int column, string value)
        {
            wordDoc.Content.Tables[n].Cell(row, column).Range.Text = value;
        }

        // 给表格插入一行数据,n为表格的序号,row行号,columns列数,values插入的值
        public void InsertCell(int n, int row, int columns, string[] values)
        {
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Table table = wordDoc.Content.Tables[n];
            for (int i = 0; i < columns; i++)
            {
                table.Cell(row, i + 1).Range.Text = values[i];
            }
        }

        // 插入图片
        public void InsertPicture(string bookmark, string picturePath, float width, float hight)
        {
            object miss = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            object oStart = bookmark;
            Object linkToFile = false;       //图片是否为外部链接
            Object saveWithDocument = true;  //图片是否随文档一起保存 
            object range = wordDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oStart).Range;//图片插入位置
            wordDoc.InlineShapes.AddPicture(picturePath, ref linkToFile, ref saveWithDocument, ref range);
            wordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.InlineShapes[1].Width = width;   //设置图片宽度
            wordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.InlineShapes[1].Height = hight;  //设置图片高度
        }

        // 插入一段文字,text为文字内容
        public void InsertText(string bookmark, string text)
        {
            object oStart = bookmark;
            object range = wordDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oStart).Range;
            Paragraph wp = wordDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(ref range);
            wp.Format.SpaceBefore = 6;
            wp.Range.Text = text;
            wp.Format.SpaceAfter = 24;
            wp.Range.InsertParagraphAfter();
            wordDoc.Paragraphs.Last.Range.Text = "\n";
        }

        // 杀掉winword.exe进程
        public void killWinWordProcess()
        {
            System.Diagnostics.Process[] processes = System.Diagnostics.Process.GetProcessesByName("WINWORD");
            foreach (System.Diagnostics.Process process in processes)
            {
                bool b = process.MainWindowTitle == "";
                if (process.MainWindowTitle == "")
                {
                    process.Kill();
                }
            }
        }
    }
}



我在项目中的具体调用的片段代码:

调用Report report = new Report();
report.CreateNewDocument(Application.StartupPath + "\\地接社.doc"); //模板路径
report.InsertValue("djs_name", this.comboBox_djs_name.Text);
report.InsertValue("djs_man", this.comboBox_djs_man.Text);
report.InsertValue("djs_num", this.textBox_djs_num.Text);
report.InsertValue("djs_tel", this.textBox_djs_tel.Text);
report.InsertValue("djs_fax", this.textBox_djs_fax.Text);
report.InsertValue("zts_name", this.comboBox_zts_name.Text);
report.InsertValue("zts_man", this.comboBox_zts_man.Text);
report.InsertValue("zts_num", this.textBox_zts_num.Text);
report.InsertValue("zts_tel", this.textBox_zts_tel.Text);
report.InsertValue("zts_fax", this.textBox_zts_fax.Text);
report.InsertValue("行程", this.textBoxXC.Text);
int xx = Int32.Parse(this.comboBoxdays.Text);
report.AddRow(1, xx);
for (int i = 0; i < xx;i++ )
{
    string sss="";
    if (up[i].checkBoxZ.Checked||up[i].checkBoxSDZ.Checked||up[i].checkBoxHZ.Checked)
        sss += "早";
    if (up[i].checkBoxZH.Checked||up[i].checkBoxSDZH.Checked||up[i].checkBoxSDZHB.Checked)
        sss += "中";
    if (up[i].checkBoxW.Checked||up[i].checkBoxSDW.Checked)
        sss += "晚";
    string bzz = "";
    if (up[i].textBoxS.Text.Trim() == "早餐后,")
    { }
    else { bzz += up[i].textBoxS.Text; }
    if (up[i].textBoxX.Text.Trim() == "午餐后,")
    { }
    else { bzz += up[i].textBoxX.Text; }
    string rq = "";
    if (!this.cbb.Checked)
        rq = up[i].labelDayNo.Text + "\n" + up[i].dateTimePicker.Text + "\n" + up[i].labelWeek.Text;
    else
        rq = up[i].labelDayNo.Text;
    string[] values ={ rq,bzz,sss, up[i].comboBoxAdd.Text};
    report.InsertCell(1, 7+i, 4, values);
}
int deletei = 0 ;
for (int i = xx-1; i >=0; i--)
{
    if (up[i].textBoxS.Text.Trim() == "早餐后," && up[i].textBoxX.Text.Trim() == "午餐后,")
    {
        report.DeleteRow(1, i + 7);
        deletei++;
    }
}
xx = xx - deletei;
report.AddRow(1,1);
report.MergeCell(1, 7 + xx, 3, 7 + xx, 4); //合并单元格 表名,开始行号,开始列号,结束行号,结束列号
string[] values1 ={"项 目","分  项  报  价","小计"};
report.InsertCell(1, 7 + xx, 3, values1);
report.AddRow(1, 9);
string[] sd1 = { "门  票", this.textBoxMP.Text, this.textBoxMPF.Text +"元/人  " };
string[] sd2 = { "住  宿", this.comboBox_zs_bz.Text + "" + this.textBoxZSAJ.Text, this.textBoxZSF.Text+"元/人  " };
string[] sd00 = { "住  宿备  注", this.textBox10.Text};
string[] sd3 = { "餐  费", this.textBoxCF.Text, this.textBoxCFZ.Text+"元/人  " };
string[] sd4 = { "车  费", this.comboBoxCF.Text, this.textBoxCFJG.Text+"元/辆  " };
string[] sd5 = { "火  车", this.textBox3.Text, this.textBox4.Text+"元/人  " };
string[] sd6 = { "导  服", this.textBoxD.Text, this.textBoxDF.Text + "元/团  " };
string[] sd12 = { "陪  同住  宿", this.textBoxPS.Text, this.textBox5.Text + "元/团  " };
report.InsertCell(1, 8 + xx, 3, sd1);
report.InsertCell(1, 9 + xx, 3, sd2);
report.MergeCell(1, 10 + xx, 2, 10 + xx, 3);
report.InsertCell(1, 10 + xx, 2, sd00);
report.InsertCell(1, 11 + xx, 3, sd3);
report.InsertCell(1, 12 + xx, 3, sd4);
report.InsertCell(1, 13 + xx, 3, sd5);
report.InsertCell(1, 14 + xx, 3, sd6);
report.InsertCell(1, 15 + xx, 3, sd12);
report.MergeCell(1, 16 + xx, 2, 16 + xx, 3); //表名,开始行号,开始列号,结束行号,结束列号
report.AddRow(1, 3);
string[] sd7 = { "合 计", this.textBoxHJ.Text };
string[] sd9 = { "自 理项 目", this.textBoxZFXM.Text };
string[] sd10 = { "购 物点", this.textBoxGWD.Text };
string[] sd11 = { "备 注", this.textBox7.Text };
report.InsertCell(1, 16 + xx, 2, sd7);
report.InsertCell(1, 17 + xx, 2, sd9);
report.InsertCell(1, 18 + xx, 2, sd10);
report.InsertCell(1, 19 + xx, 2, sd11);
report.UseBorder(1,iss);
report.SetParagraph_Table(1, 16 + xx, 2, -1, 0);
report.SetParagraph_Table(1, 17 + xx, 2, -1, 0);
report.SetParagraph_Table(1, 18 + xx, 2, -1, 0);
report.SetParagraph_Table(1, 19 + xx, 2, -1, 0);
report.SetParagraph_Table(1, 10 + xx, 2, -1, 0);
report.SetFont_Table(1, 16 + xx, 1, "宋体", 14,1);
report.SetFont_Table(1, 17 + xx, 1, "宋体", 14,1);
report.SetFont_Table(1, 18 + xx, 1, "宋体", 14,1);
report.SetFont_Table(1, 19 + xx, 1, "宋体", 14,1);
report.SetFont_Table(1, 16 + xx, 2, "宋体", 12,1);
report.SetFont_Table(1, 7 + xx, 1, "宋体", 14, 1);
report.SetFont_Table(1, 7 + xx, 2, "宋体", 14, 1);
report.SetFont_Table(1, 7 + xx, 3, "宋体", 14, 1);
report.SetParagraph_Table(1, 7 + xx, 2, 0, 0);
report.SaveDocument(file);


我是使用一半模板一般代码的方式导出的:

直接上图:

04

05

06

相关文件下载:

1.Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word多版本压缩包



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