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Java对象的序列化与反序列化:默认格式及JSON格式(使用

关键词:格式序列化与对象默认  阅读(615) 赞(19)

[摘要]

本文主要讲解Java对象的序列化与反序列化:默认格式及JSON格式(使用jackson),与您分享。

【默认格式】

public class MyClass implements Serializable{
...}

序列化:

ObjectOutputStream output = new ObjectOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(outputPath)); 
output.writeObject(myObject);

反序列化:

ObjectInputStream input = new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream(inputPath)); 
return (MyClass)input.readObject();

【JSON格式】

使用jackson包。jackson是一个效率非常高的Java JSON包。文档和下载见官网。

序列化:

ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
mapper.writeValue(new File(outputPath), myObject);

反序列化:

return mapper.readValue(new File(outputPath), MyClass.class);

【完整测试代码】

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.ArrayList;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonGenerationException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonParseException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.JsonMappingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;

public class Zoo implements Serializable {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    private static ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();

    public static int maxAnimalCount;
    public ArrayList<String> animals;

    public Zoo() {
        animals = new ArrayList<String>();
    }
    
    public static void setMax(int max){
        maxAnimalCount = max;
    }

    /**
     * Add an animal to animals Array.
     * @param animalName
     */
    public void addAnimal(String animalName){
        if (animals.size() < maxAnimalCount)
            animals.add(animalName);
    }

    @Override
    public String toString(){
        return "Zoo: \n animals: " + animals.toString() + 
                "\n maxAnimalCount: " + maxAnimalCount + "\n";
    }

    /**
     * Output standard serialization to file at logPath.
     * @param logPath
     */
    public void serializeToLog(String logPath) {
        ObjectOutputStream output = null;
        try 
        { 
            output = new ObjectOutputStream( 
                    new FileOutputStream(logPath)); 
            output.writeObject(this); 
        } catch(Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            try {
                output.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Output JSON serialization(using jackson) to file at logPath.
     * @param logPath
     */
    public void serializeJSONToLog(String logPath){

        try {
            mapper.writeValue(new File(logPath), this);
        } catch (JsonGenerationException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (JsonMappingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Standard deserialize a Zoo instance from file at logPath.
     * @param logPath
     * @return deserialized zoo instance
     */
    public static Zoo deserializeFromLog(String logPath) {
        ObjectInputStream input = null;
        try 
        { 
            input =new ObjectInputStream( 
                    new FileInputStream(logPath)); 
            return (Zoo)input.readObject(); 
        } catch(Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            try {
                input.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

        return null;
    }

    /**
     * JSON deserialize a Zoo instance from file at logPath.
     * @param logPath
     * @return JSON deserialized zoo instance
     */
    public static Zoo deserializeJSONFromLog(String logPath){
        try {
            return mapper.readValue(new File(logPath), Zoo.class);
        } catch (JsonParseException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (JsonMappingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;
    }
}

class ZooSerializeTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Zoo zoo1 = new Zoo();
        Zoo.setMax(100);
        zoo1.addAnimal("hamster");
        zoo1.addAnimal("sheep");

        zoo1.serializeToLog("zoo1.log");

        Zoo zoo2 = new Zoo();
        Zoo.setMax(200);
        zoo2.addAnimal("tiger");

        zoo2.serializeToLog("zoo2.log");

        Zoo.setMax(300);

        //Deserialization
        zoo1 = Zoo.deserializeFromLog("zoo1.log");
        zoo2 = Zoo.deserializeFromLog("zoo2.log");

        System.out.println("zoo1: \n" + zoo1);
        System.out.println("zoo2: \n" + zoo2);

        //Serialize to JSON
        zoo1.serializeJSONToLog("zoo1.json");
        zoo1 = Zoo.deserializeJSONFromLog("zoo1.json");

        System.out.println("zoo1 from json: \n" + zoo1);
    }
}

注意到默认的serialize会序列化private的属性,不会序列化静态属性;而jackson不会序列化非public的属性和静态属性。



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